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         "Jared Ingersoll"
 


           Jared Ingersoll, signer of the Constitution of the United States , was the great grandson of
        John Ingersoll and Mary Hunt of Westfield Massachusetts.
 
 

          JARED INGERSOLL of Pennsylvania

      Jared  Ingersoll,  was the great-grandson of John  1615 (Jared,Jared,Jonathan,John). The  son of  Jared  Ingersoll and Hannah ( Whiting Ingersoll ). The elder Jared Ingersoll was a distinguished lawyer in colonial Connecticut and a friend of Benjamin Franklin.  But he  fell  from  popular  favor  in  1765  when  he  accepted  a commision as a British tax  collector under the Stamp act and was  forced  to  resign  the  office  by  an  armed  mob  of  five hundred Sons of Liberty.  In 1771, the British appointed the elder Ingersoll as a judge of the court of the vice admiralty in Philadelphia, where he lived until the patriots forced him to return to Connecticut because of his Loyalist sympathies during the Revolutionary War.

The younger Jared Ingersoll:

1749  (Oct.27) Born in New Haven Connecticut
1766  Graduated from Yale College
1774-1778  Studied in Europe
1779  Admitted to the bar in Philadelphia
1780-1781  Deligate to the Continental Congress from Pennsylivania
1787  Member of Pennsylvania delegation to the
Constitutional Convention;  signed the Constitution of the United States
1790-1799  Attorney General of Pennsylvania
1798-1801  City solicitor of Philadelphia
1800-1801  U.S. District  Attorney  for  Pennsylvania.
1811-1817  Attorney general of Pennsylvania
1812  Unsuccessfully ran for Vice President of the United States on the Federalist ticket
1821-1822  Judge of district court of Philadelphia.
1822 (Oct.31)  Died in Philadelphia
       He was reared a Presbyterian, and recieved a good education in Connecticut. He graduated from Yale College in 1766 at the age of sixteen.  With the approach of the Revolutionary War,  his father decided to send him to Europe to study law. The young man arrived in London in 1774  and studied at the Middle Temple for about two years. Then to Paris for two more years. While in Europe, he became an ardent supporter of the American patriotic cause.  At the age of 29,  he returned to America in 1778, and in Jan.,1779, was admitted to the bar to practice  law  in  Philadelphia.  Influencial  friends  of  his father helped build him a practice, but his natural abilities also  enhanced  his  reputation  as  he  won  notice  as  a  trial lawyer who could sway juries facility.
 
 

DISTINGUISHED FOP HIS CONSERVITISM

 Ingersoll entered politics in 1780  when he was elected to the Pennsylvania  legislature as a member of the state's deligation to the Continental Congress, and he was a member that body when the Articles of Confederation went into effect in 1781. Throughout his political career he was distinguished for his conservatism.
 At the age of 32 he married Elizabeth Pettit. They had four children, all sons, who grew up with such playmates and companions as Philip Hamilton, the son of Alexander Hamilton, and George Washington Parke Curtis, the adopted grandson of George Washington.  The most distinguished of these sons was Charles Jared Ingersoll, who served in the Congress from 1813 to 1815 as a Democratic-Republican and from 1841 to 1849 as a Democrat. In  1787,
Jared  Ingersoll  won  election  by  the  state legislature  as  one  of  the  deputies  to  the Constitutional Convention. He  apparently  took  little  part  in  the  debates concerning the structure of the new government.  However , on the  last day of  the meeting,  Sept. 17, 1787,  James Madison's journal  records  that  Ingersoll  rose to  support  Benjamin Franklin's motion that the delegates sign the constitution. Madison reported "Mr. Ingersoll did not concider the signing either as a mere attestation of the fact, or as pledging the signers to support the Constitation at all events;  but as a recommendation of what all things concidered, was the most equitable"

AN OFFICE-HOLDER UNDER THE FEDERLISTS

      As long as the Federalists were in power in Pennsylvania Ingersoll held important positions. From 1790 to 1799, he was attorney general of Pennsylvania under the administration of Governor Thomas Mifflin, a fellow-signer of the constitution. Ingersoll also served as city solicitor of Philadelphia from 1798 to  1801.  In  the  last  hours of President John Adams's Federalist administration,  Ingersoll was appointed as a U.S. circuit  court  judge  for  eastern  Pennsylvania,  one  of  the "midnight judges";  but he refused the commision.
     With the coming to power of Thomas Jefferson's Democratic-Republican Party,  Ingersoll retired to private law practice for about ten years. Howerer , he continued as a leader of the Federalist  Party  in  Pennsylvania.  In  1812,  the  Federalists chose him as the Vice Presidential running mate of Governor DeWitt Clinton of New York in the Presidential election, but he  and  Clinton  were  defeated  by  the  Democratic-Republican ticket of President James Madison and Elbrige Gerry
     Ingersoll again served as attorney general of Pennsylvania,  from 1811  to  1817,  and
at  the  age of  72  he took  his  last public office,  as presiding judge of the district court of Philadelphia  from  1821  to  1822.  Just  three days after  his 73rd  birthday,  he  died  in  Philadelphia, Oct.31,1822. Like several other signers of the Constitution, he died a poor man because of speculation in western land.
 

      The information on this page was extracted from a book at the public library in Melbourne, Florida, in
the "old Eau Gallie" section of the city.
      The name of the book was "The Signers of the Constitution". I can not remember who the
publisher was.
 
 

Other websites about Jared


National Archives and Records Administration  Constitution of the United States of America
National Archives and Records Administration  Biography of Jared Ingersoll

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